Hurricane Facts for Kids: What You Need to Know?


Children and adults find hurricanes to be powerful and fascinating. While these storms may be called by other names, like cyclones or typhoons in some parts of the globe, they have many similarities. This article explores hurricane facts that are easy for kids to understand. You’ll discover what hurricane facts for kids, how their formation occurs, and how they affect your world.

What Is The Definition Of A Hurricane?

A hurricane can be described as a huge storm that forms above warm ocean waves. Like a giant mass of rain and wind, it resembles a hurricane. Hurricanes have a width of hundreds of kilometres and speeds of up to 200 miles/hour (322 km/hour). These powerful storms have the potential to cause damage as they land.

How Do Hurricanes form?

Hurricanes need heat and humidity to grow. Here’s a look at how it works:

  1. Warm water: The ocean surface should be warm (normally at least 80 Fahrenheit or 27 degrees Celsius). Warm water fuels hurricanes.
  2. Evaporation: Warm ocean water causes water vapor to rise into the sky. Evaporation happens when water evaporates and rises in the air.
  3. Condensation: As water vapor rises into the atmosphere, it cools off and forms tiny drops of water. These water droplets are gathered together to form clouds.
  4. Spin: As warm and moist air rises to the surface, more air can be drawn in, creating a spinning motion called a “tropical depression.”
  5. Organization: If the conditions and circumstances are right, this spinning pattern could organize itself. This is the moment it becomes a Tropical Storm.
  6. Hurricane: If a tropical storm continues strengthening, and its winds reach certain speeds (at least 74 miles per hour or about 119 kilometers per hour), it becomes a true hurricane.

Hurricane Parts

The parts of a hurricane each have their characteristics.

  • Eye: It is a clear and calm area with surprisingly peaceful weather. Be careful not to be misled by the first glance – this is the most powerful part surrounding the hurricane.
  • Eye wall: This wall surrounds the eye of the storm and contains its most violent winds, heavy rain, and rainfall.
  • Rain Bands: These long, curved rain bands spiral away. They can cause severe flooding and high winds along their path.

Hurricane Names

Names for hurricanes can help you keep track and prevent confusion. The names of hurricanes are listed alphabetically each year. Retaining a hurricane’s name is possible if its destructiveness is particularly high. This will help prevent future confusion when talking about storms that have already passed.

Hurricanes & Climate Change

Scientists examine how climate change can affect hurricanes. It could be clearer, but research has shown that warmer ocean waters might lead to more powerful future hurricanes. Understanding and addressing global climate change are important to reducing the likelihood of extreme meteorological events like hurricanes.


Hurricanes, as natural events, are breathtaking and awe-inspiring. They both capture our attention and demand that we respect them. They serve as a reminder that nature can be unpredictable and it’s important to stay prepared. Even though hurricanes can be devastating, we can lessen their impact with the proper knowledge and preparation. Stay informed and safe, and educate yourself about the incredible world of weather.

About the author